Lyijy

82
Pb
Ryhmä
14
Jakso
6
Lohko
p
Protonia
Electrons
Neutronia
82
82
125
Yleiset ominaisuudet
Järjestysluku
82
Atomipaino
207,2
Mass Number
207
Luokka
Muut metallit
Väri
Liuskeenharmaa
Radioaktiivisuus
Ei
From the Latin word plumbum
Kiderakenne
Pintakeskinen kuutiollinen
Historia
Metallic lead beads dating back to 6400 BC have been found in Çatalhöyük in modern-day Turkey.

The Romans also used lead in molten form to secure iron pins that held together large limestone blocks in certain monumental buildings.

In alchemy, lead was thought to be the oldest metal and was associated with the planet Saturn.
Elektroneja elektronikuorilla
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Orbitaalirakenne
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Pb
Pencil leads in wooden pencils have never been made from lead
Fyysiset ominaisuudet
Olomuoto
Kiinteä
Tiheys
11,342 g/cm3
Sulamispiste
600,61 K | 327,46 °C | 621,43 °F
Kiehumispiste
2022,15 K | 1749 °C | 3180,2 °F
Sulamislämpö
4,77 kJ/mol
Höyrystymislämpö
178 kJ/mol
Ominaislämpökapasiteetti
0,129 J/g·K
Esiintyvyys maankuoressa
0,00099%
Esiintyvyys maailmankaikkeudessa
1×10-6%
Ultrapure
Kuvalähteet: Images-of-elements
Ultrapure lead bead
CAS Number
7439-92-1
PubChem CID Number
5352425
Atomiominaisuudet
Atomisäde
175 pm
Kovalenttisäde
146 pm
Elektronegatiivisuus
2,33 (Paulingin asteikko)
Ionisoitumispotentiaali
7,4167 eV
Moolitilavuus
18,17 cm3/mol
Lämmönjohtavuus
0,353 W/cm·K
Hapetusluvut
-4, 2, 4
Käyttö
Large quantities of lead, both as the metal and as the dioxide, are used in storage batteries.

Lead is used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis.

It is added to brass to reduce machine tool wear.

Lead, in either pure form or alloyed with tin, or antimony is the traditional material for bullets and shot in firearms use.
Lead and its compounds are poisonous
Isotooppi
Vakaat isotoopit
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb
Epävakaat isotoopit
178Pb, 179Pb, 180Pb, 181Pb, 182Pb, 183Pb, 184Pb, 185Pb, 186Pb, 187Pb, 188Pb, 189Pb, 190Pb, 191Pb, 192Pb, 193Pb, 194Pb, 195Pb, 196Pb, 197Pb, 198Pb, 199Pb, 200Pb, 201Pb, 202Pb, 203Pb, 205Pb, 209Pb, 210Pb, 211Pb, 212Pb, 213Pb, 214Pb, 215Pb